Shoulder Injuries: Due to repetitive overhead movements, swimmers, water polo players, and artistic swimmers are at a higher risk of developing shoulder injuries such as rotator cuff tears, tendinitis, and impingement.
Knee Injuries: Knee injuries can occur due to the nature of the movements involved in these aquatic sports. Athletes are at risk of developing injuries such as patellar tendinitis, patellar dislocation and IT band syndrome.
Head and Neck Injuries: Diving and artistic swimming are sports that involves high-velocity impacts with the water, and athletes are at risk of developing head and neck injuries such as concussions, whiplash, and cervical spine fractures.
Low Back Pain: Athletes in aquatic sports can experience low back pain due to repetitive twisting, poor core regulation, and excessive and repetitive extension movements.
Hip Injuries: Swimmers and water polo players can develop hip impingement or muscle strains due to the repetitive kicking and hip flexion involved in these sports. Artistic swimmers can develop overstretch injuries or strains of the hip musculature.
Plantar Fasciitis: Divers and swimmers can develop plantar fasciitis due to the repeated push-off and landing on the feet during dives or turns. Artistic swimmers can develop plantar fasciitis due to repetitive pointing of their toes.