Physical therapy can play a vital role in providing treatment strategies for individuals with joint hypermobility to improve joint stability, reduce pain, and improve function. Treatments may include:
Muscle Strengthening: Increasing muscle strength is vital for improving joint stability to counteract underlying joint laxity.
Education on Safe Flexibility: Understanding how to improve tissue mobility safely is important to avoid injury and protect the integrity of the connective tissue.
Endurance: Increasing cardiovascular and muscular endurance is important for reducing fatigue which is a common symptom in this population. Educating patients on proper pacing and safe progression will help avoid over-training.
Balance and Proprioceptive Activities: Increasing proprioception and improving postural control is key for increasing stability to reduce further pain/injury. Taping or bracing may be utilized to improve joint awareness and aid in further stability.
Manual Therapy: Hands-on treatment such as soft tissue mobilization may be used to reduce myofascial pain and calm down the nervous system.